Policymaking, regulation and operation functions are separated by the Law No 4502 dated 27.01.2000, amending the Laws No 406 and 2813, which are the basic laws of telecommunications sector. While policy making is the responsibility of Ministry of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communications, regulation function is given to Telecommunications Authority. Telecommunications Authority, established in 2000, is the first sectoral regulatory body of Turkey. The Authority is 102nd compared to similar authorities in the world.
To remove the legislative untidiness, create competition in the sector, lessen the uncertainties for operators and allocate resources to R&D, Electronic Communications Law has come into force on 10 November 2008 and the name of the Authority has changed to Information and Communication Technologies Authority (ICTA).
The duties of the Authority described in Electronic Communications Law No 5809 can be summarized as given below:
- Creation and maintaining the competition in the sector,
- Protecting the rights of subscribers, users, consumers and end users,
- Carrying out dispute resolution procedures between operators,
- Tracking the developments and stimulating the development of the electronic communications sector,
- Planning and allocation of the frequencies, satellite position and numbering,
- By taking into consideration the strategies and the policies of the Ministry of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communications, performing necessary regulations and supervisions, including:
- Spectrum management
- Licensing for the installation and use of radio equipments and systems
- Monitoring and supervision of the spectrum
- Market observance and supervision
- Detection and elimination of electromagnetic interference.
- Transferring a specific financial resource to the Ministry of Transportation, Maritime Affairs and Communications for research, development and training activities pertaining to electronic communications sector.
- Approval and supervision of the tariffs.
- Approve the reference access offers submitted by the operators.19
- Ensuring publication and implementation of the harmonized national standards for all kinds of systems and equipments.
- Conducting frequency planning, allocation and registration procedures pertaining to radio and television broadcasting.
- Coordinating with the authorized organizations that will perform the construction, measurement, maintenance and repair activities in electronic communications sector.
- Conducting market analyses regarding electronic communications sector, determination of the relevant markets and the operator/s with significant market power in relevant markets.
- Participation in the works of international electronic communications associations and organizations, pursuing the implementation of decisions.
- Taking necessary measures specified by the legislation in force with a view to ensure that the national security, public order or public services are duly.
- Setting, auditing and/or having audited QoS standards of all types of services including universal service and determination of principles and procedures regarding setting and auditing of quality of services standards of services.
Based on the Law No: 5809 dated 10.11.2008, the organization structure of ICTA has changed according to ICTA Organization Ordinance published on Official Gazette dated on 08.06.2011. The Authority consists of 4 Vice Presidents, 17 Departments, Legal Consulting Office, 5 Offices and Telecommunication Communications Presidency with 5 Departments. There exist 7 regional directorates which locate in Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir, Diyarbakır, Mersin, Samsun and Erzurum.